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“Through critical analysis and interdisciplinary research, we seek to understand the driving forces behind global trends, challenge conventional wisdom, and shape informed perspectives for a more equitable and sustainable future.”


What do we do?

In the beginning, the RD worked with several teams that focused on a specific area. Then, it switched to a more flexible approach thus allowing the members with similar interests to collaborate on a paper, or even a singular member writing a paper. The focus has mainly been on producing policy briefs, literature reviews and scientific research papers. While policy briefs are research into substantial pieces of policy and they include policy recommendations and literature reviews concern themselves with the opinions and ideas of multiple scholars on a contemporary event; scientific research papers go more in depth about a specific topic that is interesting to the writer.


Discover our Research Papers

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Effects of Fiscal and Monetary Policies on Inflation Among Eurozone Countries

April 2023 - By Mateušs M.


This paper aims to investigate whether there are notable variations in inflation behavior and the efficacy of fiscal and monetary policies across different countries in the eurozone. The study indicates that monetary policy is more influential in controlling inflation than fiscal policies. Additionally, there is no discernible pattern in the impact of these policies based on geographical location or the order of countries joining the monetary union. The findings remain consistent across various tests using different fiscal policy variables.

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The perspective of Neo-Medievally United Europe

April 2023 - By Vantsev V. and Risueño Navarro L. Supervised by Dr. Andrea Parziale and Assistant Prof. Karin van Leeuwen

This paper focuses on the analysis of various trends in European integration. Describing the ongoing transition to federalisation, it clarifies the main reasons for the rise of Euroscepticism in member countries of the European Union and discusses the potential consequences of a withdrawal from the block, particularly the ones associated with Brexit...

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Socioeconomic Characteristics of Crypto Investors and Financial Consequences of Crypto Trading: a Literature Review

February 2023 - By Kasior B., Mateušs M., and Olla J.

Technological developments change our habits and affect our lives. This destiny has not bypassed the financial industry as well, and the most recent and popular example is the spreading use of blockchain and trading of cryptocurrencies. Read the newest paper of the PES research team to find more about the financial consequences of cryptocurrency trading for the broader market and whether financial cycles typical for traditional assets are characteristic of cryptocurrencies...

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Literature Review on the Dutch Energy Security

December 2022 - By de Ridder M. and van der Zee S.

The North Sea has long provided the Netherlands with a stable and profitable source of energy, with the extraction of gas beginning in the 1960s. However, the Paris Climate Agreement prompted a shift in Dutch energy policy, leading to a move away from gas drilling and towards investment in offshore wind parks. The North Sea also offers opportunities for exporting electricity or hydrogen, further benefiting the national economy...

Stagflation Analysis

December 2022 - By Kasior B., Mateušs M.,

and Paggen L.

The inflation at the beginning of this decade has been rising significantly across Europe. Academics, businesses, and governments have different visions over the source of this phenomenon specifically for this period. Standard economic theory has several suggestions to explain inflation, but most of them root in the supply of money, be it regulated by fiscal or monetary policy or affected by the private sector. Others consider the COVID-19 pandemic as a primary source of accelerated inflation while other blame the Russian invasion of Ukraine and gas prices...

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The EU Taxonomy and the Impact of Including Nuclear and Natural Gas – A Commentary

June 2022 - By Geraldes F., Krutisch L. N., and Bosticco R. Supervised by Associate Prof. Dr. Anna Herranz-Surrales

Over the past years, major players in the financial market aimed to move toward greener and more sustainable (business) models and products. Besides various explanations for their motives, the shift itself is observable. Many actors in this field, such as asset managers, distinctly market their sustainability engagement and state these efforts as a long-term necessity to sustain their clients' wealth and their business activities...

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How Should Governments Tackle the Energy Prices

June 2022 - By The Economic Team

Supervised by Assistant Prof. Dr. Max Löffler

Energy resources such as natural gas and coal play a vital role for everyone in the EU as the two resources combined supply more than 35% of the EU's total production. Having a significant excess demand disrupts the economy as citizens in countries such as Spain, Italy, France and Poland are encountering all-time-high energy costs adding to the economic problems of the pandemic. This paper investigates how the government should tackle energy prices to ensure prosperity in Europe...

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Special Edition: Ukraine-Russian War Economic Consequences

March 2022 - By The Economic Team

The ongoing war as a result of Russian aggression has far-reaching economic consequences. Our Economics Research Team brings you an overview of everything you need to know about the impact on our economic system.

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Special Edition: Ukrain-Russian War Political Consequences

March 2022 - By the Political Team

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has enacted the economic and specifically the political intention to stop the European Union’s dependency on Russia’s energy, especially in times of profound uncertainty. Thus, finding alternatives to importing energy sources from Russia is paramount for the EU. Our Politics Research Team brings you an overview of everything you need to know about this topic...

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